The competitiveness of the paper industry, together with most of the economic sectors in Europe, will be significantly affected by more stringent requirements for sulphur limits in marine fuels, in particular paper mills based in the 13 EU Member States bordering the SECA (Sulphur Emission Control Area including the Baltic Sea, North Sea and English Channel). The concerns of the paper industry relate to an estimated increase in shipping costs of 20-45% further to a 50-80% price increase in marine fuels. It will put European companies at a competitive disadvantage versus companies located in third countries such as Brazil or China. Pulp and paper product prices will increase up to 10 €/tonne.
The problem is the tight time schedule - the requirement to reduce the sulphur limits to 0.1% by 2015, while in other sea areas the sulphur content will be 3.5% - is simply not thought through. It does not allow industry enough time to develop and exploit technologies that lead to reduction of sulphur emissions more cost-efficiently. It is a fundamental requisite to ensure efficient technological options are available on time before putting into action any such strict and costly changes to fuel requirements.
Simultaneously, the environmental benefits will be extremely limited or even negative due to higher maritime transport costs leading to a modal shift back to transportation by road and subsequent higher greenhouse gas emissions. This stands in direct contrast to the recently released EU White Paper objective of reducing road transport and GHG emissions.
"Our industry is still recovering from the global recession. To introduce this type of measures now, does not allow industry to breath. It is important to find cost efficient ways to improve environmental performance, as not to widen the competitiveness gap in a global world. ", said Teresa Presas, CEPI Director General.
"Based on the findings of the various impact assessment studies, we will urge the Members of the European Parliament and the Member States, to agree on a postponement of the regulation", she added.