The mill is located on the banks of the Pigeon River in Canton, North Carolina, in Haywood County, about 30 miles from the Tennessee border.
Besides the county, the groups challenging the terms of the mill's permit were Clean Water for North Carolina, Western North Carolina Alliance, Clean Water Expected in East Tennessee, Tennessee Scenic River Association, and Tennessee Chapter of the Sierra Club, represented by Southern Environmental Law Center.
The permit issued by the Division of Water Quality (DWQ) of the North Carolina Department of Environment and Natural Resources allows the paper mill to discharge wastewater into the Pigeon River that raises the temperature of the river as it flows downstream from Canton, NC. Industrial facilities that discharge wastewater into rivers, like the Pigeon, are required to have permits under the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES), part of the federal Clean Water Act. In 2007, the death of at least 8,000 fish downstream of the paper mill was attributed to high water temperatures and low water flow and dissolved oxygen levels.
"We believe the new thermal restrictions will help reduce the high temperatures and fluctuations allowed under the prior permit and diminish the adverse effects on the fish and other wildlife that depend on the river," said Hartwell Carson, the French Broad Riverkeeper. "We hope the result will be healthier aquatic life that is more diverse and that more closely reflects the range of species you would expect to find in a mountain stream."
In addition to reaching a compromise on temperature limits, the parties also agreed to temporarily suspend legal proceedings challenging the permit while scientists study how the color in the wastewater discharged by the mill affects other users of the Pigeon River, like visitors to the area. Byproducts of the paper mill's manufacturing process alter the color of the wastewater that it discharges into the Pigeon River. The coalition of conservation groups and downstream users had challenged the adequacy of permit limits on the discharge of colored wastewater, arguing that discoloration of the Pigeon River harms other enterprises that rely on an attractive, healthy river, including recreational fishing, boating, and tourism. The color limits in the permit may be altered next year based on the outcome of the study.
"We believe the dark color makes the river less desirable for fishing, rafting and wading than other, less polluted rivers nearby," explains Daniel Boone of Tennessee Scenic Rivers Association, "so the petitioners have weighed in to improve the color study, and will monitor its progress and results." Hope Taylor of Clean Water for NC agrees: "Advocacy groups will continue to work together across state lines to improve water quality and ensure that the color levels and other conditions in the river don't deprive downstream users of safe, high quality recreation."
About Clean Water for North Carolina: Clean Water for NC, founded in 1984, is a statewide environmental justice organization working with impacted communities for protection of their environmental rights and health, through organizing, research and advocacy. We have worked with hundreds of community partners on issues including contaminated drinking water wells, toxic air emissions, sewer overflows, damaging mountain developments and toxic industrial discharges. WEB: www.cwfnc.org, FACEBOOK: Clean Water for North Carolina; TWITTER: CleanWaterforNC
Contact: Hope Taylor, Executive Director, Clean Water for North Carolina, 919-401-9600, email@example.com
About Cocke County, Tennessee:
Contact: Jeff Greene, Attorney for Cocke County, Tennessee, 423-623-7271, firstname.lastname@example.org
About Sierra Club: The Sierra Club is a national, grassroots environmental advocacy non-profit organization dedicated to protecting communities, wild places, and the planet itself. The TN Chapter works to explore, enjoy, and protect Tennessee. WEB: http://tennessee.sierraclub.org/
Contact: Axel Ringe, Vice Conservation Chair, Tennessee Chapter of the Sierra Club, 865-397-1840, email@example.com
About Southern Environmental Law Center
The Southern Environmental Law Center is the only regional nonprofit using the power of the law to protect the health and environment of the Southeast (Virginia, Tennessee, North and South Carolina, Georgia, and Alabama). Founded in 1986, SELC's team of 40 legal experts represent more than 100 partner groups on issues of climate change and energy, air and water quality, forests, the coast and wetlands, transportation, and land use.
Contact: DJ Gerken, Senior Attorney, 828-258-2023
About Tennessee Scenic Rivers Association: The Tennessee Scenic Rivers Association (TSRA) is a volunteer organization dedicated to the preservation, protection and restoration of the scenic, free-flowing rivers of our state. Based in Nashville, Tennessee, the organization has approximately 1,000 members across the state and the south. WEB: www.paddletsra.org
Contact: Daniel Boone, Tennessee Scenic River Association, 615-495-0897, firstname.lastname@example.org
About Western North Carolina Alliance: For 30 years, the Western North Carolina Alliance has been a trusted community partner, marshalling grassroots support to keep our forests healthy, our air and water clean, and our communities vibrant. Utilizing a combination of policy advocacy, scientific research, and community collaboration, the Alliance and its chapters throughout Western North Carolina unleash the power of citizens' voices to protect the natural heritage of our region so that people and the environment can thrive. WEB: www.wnca.org
Contact: Hartwell Carson, French Broad Riverkeeper, Western North Carolina Alliance, 828-258-8737, email@example.com