Suzano Pulp and Paper will invest R$ 15 million in biodiversity conservation by the end of 2012. One of the fronts is the development of a Biodiversity Conservation Plan for all states that have company forestry areas (São Paulo, Paraná, Bahia, Mato Grosso, Minas Gerais, Espírito Santo, Tocantins, Maranhão and Piauí), whose objective is to guarantee that native areas are recognized for their importance, adequately maintained and undergo a biodiversity monitoring plan, which includes the Atlantic Rainforest, Cerrado (Brazilian savanna), Caatinga (xeric shrublands) and Legal Amazon biomes. This work has already been concluded in the states of Bahia, Espírito Santo, Minas Gerais and São Paulo.
"It is worth noting that all management and monitoring suggestions follow The Nature Conservancy methodology known as CAP, Conservation Area Planning; internationally recognized for its scope and efficacy," says Alexandre Di Ciero, the company's executive manager for Sustainability. The CAP methodology seeks to identify conservation targets present in natural areas, such as species or habitats. These targets are assessed in relation to their feasibility (ecologic "health") and then the threats that they are subject to are established for the region, such as, hunting, wood theft, and fires, among others.
Next, the strategies are defined to mitigate these threats seeking to improve the feasibility of company native area conservation. The objective is that the ecologic processes that support these targets may remain in good state in the long term and therefore, the company is committed to monitor these conservation targets, mitigate the threats they face and implement the suggested management initiatives. "Additionally, we have analyzed the state of conservation of native fragments in order to identify the High Conservation Value Areas, for which we received suggestions for recovery actions and landscape management actions," adds Di Ciero.
The second front is about the restoration of native forests itself. Currently we are recovering 1,414 thousand hectares of natural areas in the states of Bahia, Espírito Santo, Minas Gerais and São Paulo. The recovery process for native areas basically includes three activities: tree planting, maintenance of current areas and monitoring the development of what was already recovered. In the planting process to recover natural areas, over 180 species of native trees are used.
Currently, 310 thousand hectares or approximately 39% of Suzano's total area are destined for environmental preservation, that is, Permanent Preservation Areas (PPA), among others.